From the beginning of ubuntu till now ubuntu has added a lot of features and gains respect in OS.
Here I am going to show you how to install ubuntu 18.04 Bionic. Before that let’s talk about some new features of Ubuntu 18.04.
- Ubuntu 18.04 has a new welcome desktop
- It has a new GNOM desktop environment for a better experience. but you can still use Unity desktop.
- It has improved its notification option. Now you will receive notification by default on the upper side.
- It has a new login and lock screen.
- More interactive and improved apps setting
- Linux kernel version is 4.15 which is more secure and performance improved.
- To install any package you need to use apt-get install package-name.
You can download ubuntu from its official site till 2023 which is the end of support.
How to install ubuntu 18.04 server :
1- Mount DVD or ISO to your system or machine and boot from it. You will see the language select option. Choose your desired language.
Choose your Country in fro below list :
2- For keyboard detect layout select “no” because sometimes in case of VMware it takes the wrong keyboard.
3- Select your keyboard as shown in below pictures
4- Now it will load all components and discover server details.
5- If you are not connected with the network or in case of no DHCP server available it will ask you to configure IP manually otherwise it will take IP automatically. In this case, it is asking for IP.
6 – Enter static IP
7- Enter Netmask
8- Enter Gateway
9- Enter nameserver if you have otherwise use google DNS server 184.108.40.206
10- Enter the hostname of the server.
11- Enter the desired username or you can enter ubuntu ( This is a standard user, not root).
12 – Enter password for user
13- Now here you have to create LVM, if you are not sure about it, use Guided – use entire disk and set up LVM.
14- It will automatically take 10 or 20% extra to set up LVM. Click continue.
15- Click yes on write the changes to disk. Now it will start creating LVM partition and install OS. You need to wait until the process complete.
16- Leave empty proxy server if you have any confusion or you can confirm with the network provider.
17- Configure Taskel – choose no automatic update
18- Software selection – if you are using server choose OpenSSH, you can choose as per your requirements. Press the spacebar to select and continue.
19- Install grub boot loader – click yes to install.
20 – Installation finish click on continue, it will reboot server or machine and you are done.
Now at this point, you have installed ubuntu server 18.04. Start using it and you can customize OS.